2014-70 . Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care Issue Brief 3: Employment Programs Sara Edelstein and Christopher Lowenstein December 2014; OPRE Report No. Youth transitioning out of foster care and into adulthood need many supports to navigate the challenges they face. Issue Brief: Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care. The current level of support for youth aging out of foster care typically provides transitional services while only supporting short-term, transitional housing. Jacob’s participation in our Transitional Age Youth program gave him stable housing, a community of young adults and staff, and coaching in independent living skills. Yet many will age out of foster care into adulthood without an adoptive family. Youth aging out of foster care are at particular risk for negative outcomes including school dropout, homelessness, poverty, unemployment, substance abuse, health and mental health problems, and victimization. ... but also support the youth that age out of the foster system to make sure they have successful transitions into the real world. Supporting older youth involves many components, including the option to extend foster care or allow reentry into foster care, providing the most normal childhood experience possible through extracurricular activities, educational stability and opportunity, transitioning from foster care to independent living, and housing. Help Teens Aging Out of Foster Care. Over 400,000 children are in foster care in the United States, and more than 100,000 of them are waiting to be adopted. FOSTER CARE TRANSITION TOOLKIT Purpose of this Toolkit Currently there are over 400,000 children and youth in our Nation’s foster care system and every year, more than 23,000 individuals “age out” of the foster care system.1 The passage to adulthood is challenging for anyone, for youth in foster care it can be especially Youth transitioning out of foster care and into adulthood need many supports to navigate the challenges they face. These planning activities have resulted in four issue briefs. In 1999, the Foster Care Independence Act amended Title IV-E of the Social Security Act to create the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program Yet we know little about how, when, and why these youth find themselves on a downward trajectory. Continued Care and Support for Youth . The Surdna Foundation has supported some innovative programming for youth transitioning out of foster care. In the last two decades, three major federal policies have been enacted to address the unique needs and experiences of older youth transitioning out of foster care. Aging out of Foster Care. In states that have taken this option, young people can receive an additional three years of foster care support to prepare for the transition into adulthood. Many states now have similar programs providing resources and support youth aging out of foster care. Youth transitioning out of foster care and into adulthood need many supports to navigate the challenges they face. The first of these, the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Chafee), provided eligibility guidelines for youth receiving independent living services. In 1999, the Foster Care Independence Act amended Title IV-E of the Social Security Act to create the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (the Chafee Program). By Lisa Martine Jenkins. 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