(2014). Discovery. The Norwegian Fjord Centre is the visitor and education hub for the West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord World Heritage Site. Bergen & the Western Fjords. Slowly, long and deep inlets are formed in the coastal landscape. I did not even know exactly, what awaits us and was even more pleasantly surprised by what we saw. [39], One of Norway's largest is Tyrifjorden at 63 m (207 ft) above sea level and an average depth at 97 m (318 ft) most of the lake is under sea level. Embark on one our Norwegian fjords cruises and marvel at the spectacular landscapes, verdant mountains, and gushing waterfalls that surround you. [34] Another example is the freshwater fjord Movatnet (Mo lake) that until 1743 was separated from Romarheimsfjorden by an isthmus and connected by a short river. Bergen & the Western Fjords. In eastern Norway, the term is also applied to long narrow freshwater lakes (Randsfjorden and Tyrifjorden) and sometimes even to rivers (for instance in Flå in Hallingdal, the Hallingdal river is referred to as fjorden). From . US $ 8,570. Die Hütten haben voll ausgestattet Küchen, Badenzimmer… Mehr Details. The word ferry is of the same origin. The Inside Passage provides a similar route from Seattle, Washington, and Vancouver, British Columbia, to Skagway, Alaska. On the Hurtigruten, for example! Given that there are 1190 fjords in Norway, you can imagine that they’re pretty well spread out across the Scandinavian country. [41] Such lakes created by glacial action are also called fjord lakes or moraine-dammed lakes. The narrow passages can be navigated on boat trips which is the perfect way to absorb the full scenic nature of this sublime fjord. This word has survived only as a suffix in names of some Scandinavian fjords and has in same cases also been transferred to adjacent settlements or surrounding areas for instance Hardanger, Stavanger and Geiranger.[30][31]. In Eidfjord, Eio has dug through the original delta and left a 110 m (360 ft) terrace while lake is only 19 m (62 ft) above sea level. In the case of Hardangerfjord the fractures of the Caledonian fold has guided the erosion by glaciers, while there is no clear relation between the direction of Sognefjord and the fold pattern. [7] Glacial melting is accompanied by the rebounding of Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment is removed (also called isostasy or glacial rebound). A family of freshwater fjords are the embayments of the North American Great Lakes. Duration: 10 nights Price: From £1,850 per person in low season based on two adults travelling together and including all flights in economy class, accommodation on a bed and breakfast basis, car hire and taxes. And the secret escapes! Think of Norway’s fjords as main roads with side streets and narrow back alleys – a bit like the canals of Venice gone XXL. The exhibitions showcase the exciting and unique fjord landscape that was granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 2005. Northwest is the perfect base for trips to some of Fjord Norway’s most famous attractions. It originates from the Norwegian Sea, which is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, and stretches 127 miles inland, all the way to Skjolden, which is a small village in the municipality of Luster. Consistently voted as one of the world's top travel destinations, the fjords of Norway are high on the bucket list of almost everyone I speak with. Norway’s longest fjord, the Sognefjord, is located in the heart of Norwegian fjord country and extends more than 200 km (120 miles) inland. Most are specially adapted to life under the greater pressure of the water column above it, and the total darkness of the deep sea. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. In 1890, the fjord was the scene of The Battle of Trollfjord, a conflict overfishing controls in the local area between steamships and Lofotfisherman. Spectacular Scandinavia 2021 Destinations Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland Age Range 12 to 99 year olds Country Region Norwegian Fjords Travel Style Private, Group, Fully Guided, Relaxing +2 more Operator Scenic Luxury Cruises & Tours. The view from Kjerag plateau, Lysefjord, Norway. For instance Hornindalsvatnet is at least 500 m (1,600 ft) deep and water takes an average of 16 years to flow through the lake. It is 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) in length and measures 1.5 kilometres at its widest point. the west and south coasts of Newfoundland, particularly: This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 20:46. The reefs are host to thousands of lifeforms such as plankton, coral, anemones, fish, several species of shark, and many more. The great depth of these submerged valleys, extending thousands of feet below sea level, is compatible only with a glacial origin. You can read more about my hike to the rock in 2015 here, Haugesund, Norway: All About This Coastal Norwegian City, Norway Sets Global Electric Car Record in 2020, Norway Landslide: Everything We Know So Far, Coronavirus in Norway: The Latest News on the COVID-19 Outbreak. [24][25], The Scandinavian fjord, Proto-Scandinavian *ferþuz, is the origin for similar Germanic words: Icelandic fjörður, Faroese fjørður, Swedish fjärd (for Baltic waterbodies), Scots firth. Take a car, van or coach transfer up to Djupvasshytta hotel, where you’ll be fitted for a bike and helmet. Another freshwater "fjord" in a larger lake is Western Brook Pond, in Newfoundland's Gros Morne National Park; it is also often described as a fjord, but is actually a freshwater lake cut off from the sea, so is not a fjord in the English sense of the term. TripAdvisor Gesamtwertung. Fjords generally have a sill or shoal (bedrock) at their mouth caused by the previous glacier's reduced erosion rate and terminal moraine. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden, nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. The Norwegian fjords / 14 Dec 2015. Nordfjord. Some Norwegian freshwater lakes that have formed in long glacially carved valleys with sill thresholds, ice front deltas or terminal moraines blocking the outlet follow the Norwegian naming convention; they are frequently named fjords. The Swedish coast along Bohuslän is likewise skerry guarded. The differences in usage between the English and the Scandinavian languages have contributed to confusion in the use of the term fjord. As society has changed, small scale farming has become more and more difficult and as a result many of these settlements are seeing a declining population today. In Acapulco, Mexico, the calanques—narrow, rocky inlets—on the western side of the city, where the famous cliff-divers perform daily, are described in the city's tourist literature as being fjords. This may in particular have been the case in Western Norway where the tertiary uplift of the landmass amplified eroding forces of rivers. Guide to the 10 Best Fjords in Norway. Brekke, Nils Georg; Skaar, Ronny B and Nord, Svein (1993). Near the very coast the typical West Norwegian glacier spread out (presumably through sounds and low valleys) and lost their concentration and reduced the glaciers' power to erode leaving bedrock thresholds. Yet another such skerry protected passage extends from the Straits of Magellan north for 800 km (500 mi). Arguably Norway’s most iconic and recognisable sight is the Norwegian fjords. Morphology and sedimentology of deltas in fjord and fjord valley lakes. Image 1 of 21. One of its most amazing features is what you don’t see: the sheer depth of the water in parts (its deepest point is 4,231 feet). Sofa. J. G. Davidsen. In geology, a fjord or fiord (/ˈfjɔːrd, fiˈɔːrd/ (listen))[1] is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier. Fjord/firth/Förde as well as ford/Furt/Vörde/voorde refer to a Germanic noun for a travel: North Germanic ferd or färd and of the verb to travel, Dutch varen, German fahren; English to fare.[26]. Drammensfjorden is one example. It extends from the Skjolden village in Norway’s Luster municipality to the open ocean. The inlets are often very deep – sometimes up to 1300 metres! At one point, it measures just 250 metres (820 ft) wide. Fjord Norway - You have to be here to believe it! Kyrping Camping. It’s the home to Preikestolen (Pulpit Rock), a flat mountain plateau that juts out some 604 metres (1,982 ft) above sea level. In Norway and Iceland, the usage is closest to the Old Norse, with fjord used for both a firth and for a long, narrow inlet. Chairs. Get to and around the fjords Arriving in Fjord Norway by train is a scenic experience and is often an easy way to access the fjords (except in Northern Norway). [4][5], A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. Norway's largest lake, Mjøsa, is also referred to as "the fjord" by locals. Half the fun of travelling in Fjord Norway is allowing yourself to be seduced – a few extra days in the breathtaking fjord landscape of Geiranger, a detour to the Atlantic Ocean via the Atlantic road, go from the fjord to the sky in 5 with Loen Skylift, or people watching on the iconic Bryggen in Bergen. [10] Thresholds at the mouths and overdeepening of fjords compared to the ocean are the strongest evidence of glacial origin,[11] and these thresholds are mostly rocky. An underwater observatory in Milford Sound allows tourists to view them without diving. From the city’s port, you can take a cruise up Lyseford, where you see goats grazing on the fjord side, have the opportunity to drink from fresh mountain waterfalls, or just get a different perspective on Preikestolen. Anschrift Sævareidsvik 8 5590 Etne. John Walter Gregory argued that fjords are of tectonic origin and that glaciers had a negligible role in their formation. It’s a strong, watery «vein» in the middle of fjord Norway creating a foundation for commerce, agriculture and tourism. Norsk Collection. [42], Some of these lakes were salt after the ice age but later cut off from the ocean during the post-glacial rebound. Like freshwater fjords, the continuation of fjords on land are in the same way denoted as fjord-valleys. 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